Arts and Crafts
The Arts and Crafts movement originated in Great Britain in the mid-nineteenth century, spread to the United States, and influenced many designers in Continental Europe as well. At its root was a rejection of the industrial process and a desire to change society by changing the nature of work. The Wolfsonian’s collection features works by many of the key figures in this movement, including William Morris, Ernest Gimson, and Charles Rennie Mackintosh in Britain, and Charles Rohlfs, Gustav Stickley, and Greene & Greene in the United States.
German Design Reform was a movement with significant affinities to Arts and Crafts, through which designers sought to create objects that would express a modern national identity for Germany. The Wolfsonian has examples by members of the leading art colonies, workshops, and design associations in Germany. Particularly noteworthy are a suite of furniture by August Endell and a wide variety of designs by Peter Behrens and Joseph Maria Olbrich.